Inca HistoryThe Incas were a great civilization in pre-Columbian America, and they covered a great part of South America during their Tahuantinsuyu, meaning the land of the 4 regions. It included all Peru, parts of Ecuador, Bolivia and even covered parts of Argentina, Chile and Colombia. The Incas are considered to be the architects of the vestiges that are still found inside of Cusco, the Sacred Valley, Machu Picchu, many other vestiges in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia. Their centre and Capital was Cusco, where we find vestiges as Sacsayhuaman and Koricancha, excellent examples of the finest stone masonry on a scale and made with a technology stil not well understood.
The same counts for Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku in Bolivia, where examples of the finest stone masonry surprises many. Although official versions do say those vestiges were made by the Incas, many alternative opinions talk about a possible much older construction date. For example Tiahuanaco might date back to as far as 17000 B.C., if the research of Bolivian archaeologist Arthur Posnansky is to be believed.
The Incas themselves also told the Spanish, when they asked about the construction of Sacsayhuaman and Tiahuanaco/ Puma Punku, that they did not built those vestiges, but other people, or Gods, long before their time.
Alfredo Gamarra showed clearly that the Incas built over already existing and more sophisticated constructions. They built those types of walls that presently don't hold any mystery, as they are walls of rather small stones, or adobe, that do not fit perfectly. The same kind of materials that are still used in the region today.
Our focus here is not to belittle the work of the Incas, but to appoint to a complete different history than what you will hear normally about the Incas. They achieved great things, but did not built the more sophisticated parts of the vestiges. It would have been a true miracle if they would have done so; to built in a few hundred years enormous temples with till now not understood technology.
Our concern it to inform you on the different layers that can be found in most of the Inca vestiges and correspond to different periods. The history of the Incas is relatively modern compared with the, according to Alfredo Gamarra, far older stonework in their vestiges. They did a good work by protecting and respecting those earlier styles, as they built perfeftly over those parts. The perfect fitting walls must have been made with a technology that to our opinion was not in hands of the Incas. Some scholars say that they might have lost the technology in time, but this possibility is rather remote because the Spanish came when the Inca Empire was still flourishing. Would they have lost, in just a few hundred years, a technology that helped them to built megalithic walls with incredible precision? Not very probable I believe.
Something else that goes against conventional ideas, is the time factor. Would the Incas have had an incredible patience because they would have had another idea of time? No, I think the Incas needed their time to manage for example their rather labour intensive and complicated agricultural system. Polishing with infinite patience tons of rocks and stones to make them fit perfectly and to make them shine, or to using thousands of persons to carry thoese rocks over large distances does not sound logic to me, no, they really could have used their time and labour much better!